Carpenter ants are found all over the world,in the United
States the black carpenter is the most populous species. They prefer warm humid conditions and will flourish inside
homes or in the outdoors.They are natural pests causing
millions of dollars of damage every year to houses especially
wooden structures.Unlike termites they do not consume wood
fibers,rather they tunnel within structural beams,outdoor
entertainment areas and create colonies od hundreds of thousands.In the forests they will
set up nests within hollow trees,and decaying logs.Most importantly they prefer the wood
to be soft and moist,the reason being as hard wood makes chewing difficult.
Carpenters become active at night,when the colonies workers will leave the nest and follow
above or underground trails looking for food.Their favorite food sources are liquid based
therefore certain juices from plants,internal secretions from insects and the sweet dew nectar
obtained from their favorite food source the aphid.
The colony will establish primary nesting sites for the queen to lay her eggs and for the larvae
to develop.These nests are only inhabited by the queen,her larvae and the worker ants,whilst
the balance of the colony are stationed in secondary nests.The ideal conditions for a queen to
mate are high humidity,where the winged males will mate with queen in mid air dance and
once mating has been completed the male will die immediately.
Destruction To Homes
Once a carpenter colony invades a home by entering through cracked mortar or brickwork
they will attack the timber beams of homes,creating galleries within the timber for the queen
to establish her nest and commence laying eggs.The galleries will increase in size to house
the larvae population as they grow, weakening the timber as it becomes increasingly brittle
from infestation.The structural damage caused is similar to a termite infestation.
⇒ As they are drawn to moist humid conditions in a home,check water retention areas.
⇒ Fix pipes that are leaking.
⇒ Remedy any wet ares around foundations.
⇒ Inspect and fix any rook leaks.
⇒ Ensure crawlspace is sufficiently ventilated.
⇒ Ensure overhanging tree branches making contact with your home are trimmed regularly.