There are 20 different species of fire ants world wide,they are native to the United States
although they are present in Australia,China and Taiwan,due to being caught up in cargo
and freight shipped to those countries.
Fire ant colonies can contain millions and are ruled by a queen
and colonies also contain males for mating purposes and worker
ants.Life expectancy can range from five to seven years and once
the male mates with the queen it dies immediately.The queen can
produce a thousand eggs a day,therefore the workers are always
on the hunt for food.They build their nests in wooded areas near
rivers or streams,and construct them under logs or rocks.Their
food source is normally plant based,although they have been known to kill small animals.
They are adaptable in all climates,although they do prefer the heat as they originally were
natives of South America with it’s humid rainforests.They have been known to lose vast
numbers of their colony in extreme cold winters but with only one queen remaining,can
Fire ant stings are very painful and resembles a burning sensation
along with irritation that turns into a red bump with a white top.
The ants if in a aggressive mood will sting multiple times and inject
a toxin that can trigger allergic symptoms such as sweating,nausea
and loss of breath.If these red lumps are scratched,they can turn
infected and lead to scarring.The best way to treat fire ant bites is to
liberally rub aloe vera oil over the infected areas which will relieve the
pain and irritability.If a allergic reaction occurs,hospitalization is critical,
as unless the correct medicines are given death may occur.
Fire ants have thrived in Australia,especially the state of Queensland,where the climate
is hot and similar to their native South America.They have no known natural predators
in Queensland therefore it’s numbers are moving south and predicted to enter the state
of New South Wales,Australia’s most populated state within a couple of years.Queensland
has spent hundreds off millions of dollars in preventing these pests growth without result.